It captured Germany's Micronesian territories north of the equator, and ruled the islands until they were transitioned to civilian control in Australia New Zealand. Archived from the original on December 23, This Day In History. In Japan occupied northern Indochina in an attempt to block access to supplies for the Chinese Nationalists, and in July it announced a joint protectorate with Vichy France over the whole colony. By the end of World War Two, Japan had endured 14 years of war, and lay in ruins - with over three million dead.
World War I
BBC - History - World Wars: Japan's Quest for Empire
Japan's Quest for Empire 1931 - 1945
Political crises Japan's increasing isolation abroad was exacerbated by political crisis at home. The plan was scaled back considerably due to opposition from the United States. Read more.
The outbreak of war
No Japanese ships were lost during the deployment but on 11 June Sakaki was hit by a torpedo from Austro-Hungarian submarine U off Crete; 59 Japanese sailors died. Meiji period. Although one of them surrendered in after becoming separated from the others, Onoda's two remaining companions died in gun battles with local forces - one in , the other in Italy had confirmed the Triple Alliance on December 7, , but could now propound formal arguments for disregarding it: first, Italy was not obliged to support its allies in a war of aggression; second, the original treaty of had stated expressly that the alliance was not against England. Lieutenant Onoda, by contrast, doggedly refused to lay down his arms until he received formal orders to surrender.